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Primary sources for the Catonsville Nine action, trial, and participant profiles include interviews and materials provided by Baltimore activists and support group members Dean Pappas , Bill O'Connor, Herman Heyn, and David Eberhardt, as well as by Daniel Berrigan and filmmaker Lynn Sachs. Also helpful were Baltimore Sun and New York Times accounts, as well as documents from the Daniel and Philip Berrigan collection at Cornell University.


Anderson, Terry H. The Movement and the Sixties: Protest in America from Greensboro to Wounded Knee. New York : Oxford University Press, 1995.

Berrigan, Daniel. The Trial of the Catonsville Nine. Boston: Beacon
Press, 1970.

Byrne, Richard Jr. "Revolution 9," Baltimore City Paper 29 January 1993.

DeBenedetti, Charles with Charles Chatfield, An American Ordeal: The Antiwar Movement of the Vietnam Era. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990.

Edmonds, Anthony O. The War in Vietnam. Westport , CT: Greenwood Press, 1998.

Fitzgerald , Frances. Fire in the Lake: The Vietnamese and the Americans in Vietnam. Boston : Little, Brown, 1972.

Garfinkle, Adam. Telltale Hearts: The Origins and Impact of the Vietnam Antiwar Movement. New York : St. Martin 's, 1995.

Gioglio, Gerald R. Days of Decision: An Oral History of Conscientious Objectors in the Military During the Vietnam War. Trenton : Broken Rifle Press, 1989.

Gitlin, Todd. The Whole World is Watching: Mass Media in the Making and Unmaking of the New Left. Berkeley : University of California Press, 1980.

Gray, Francine du Plessex. "Profiles: Acts of Witness." New Yorker 14 March, 1970.

Jeffreys-Jones, Rhodri. Peace Now! American Society and the Ending of the Vietnam War. New Haven : Yale Univ. Press. 1999.

Herring, George C. America's Longest War: The United States and Vietnam , 1950-1975. New York : Wiley, 1979.

Levy, David W. The Debate over Vietnam. Baltimore : The Johns Hopkins Univ. Press, 1991.

Meconis, Charles. With Clumsy Grace: The American Catholic Left, 1961-1975. New York : The Seabury Press, 1979.

Mollin, Marian. "Communities of Resistance: Women and the Catholic Left of the Late 1960's." Oral History 2004 Summer/Fall 31:2. 29-51.

McNeal, Patricia. Harder than War: Catholic Peacemaking in Twentieth-Century America. Brunswick NJ : Rutgers Univ. Press, 1992.

O’Gorman, Angie, ed., The Universe Bends Toward Justice: A Reader on Christian Nonviolence in the U.S. Philadelphia : New Society Publishers, 1990.

Sitkoff, Harvard. The Struggle for Black Equality: 1954-1980. New York: McGraw-Hill Ryerson Ltd., 1984.

Polnar, Murray Polnar and Jim O’Grady. Disarmed and Dangerous: The Radical Lives and Time of Daniel and Philip Berrigan. New York : Basic Books, 1997.