BLOOD TO FIRE
During the winter of 1967-68, Philip Berrigan, joined by Tom Lewis and George Mische, began looking for others willing to engage in a new act of outright resistance to the draft.
The group spent the spring planning the action, recruiting a local support group, and selecting the Catonsville draft board as the site. In the days before the event, Philip traveled to Cornell University to talk to his brother Daniel. By the next day, Dan was the ninth member.
Blood and Fire
In the basement of a Baltimore rowhouse, members of the support team, including Bill O'Connor and high school physics teacher Dean Pappas, concocted napalm out of Ivory soap flakes and gasoline, using a recipe adapted from the US Special Forces Handbook. With the press alerted and the nine participants thoroughly briefed, they set out for Catonsville about noon on May 17, 1968.